Born in Valencia in 1863, Joaquín Sorolla was orphaned at two years, when a terrible cholera epidemic killed his parents. Both he and his sister Concha were adopted by their uncles, who soon realized the vocation of young Joaquín for painting. First in the School of Artisans of Valencia and later in the School of Fine Arts, the boy started attending classes, to participate in competitions and to study classical painters. Thus began his "realistic" stage, that earned him his first recognitions. Throughout his career, the Valencian painter exhibited his work throughout Europe, flaunting "luminism", a pictorial style that permeated all his paintings. In this sense, the Sorolla Route takes us through 17 different points of Valencia, from the house where the painter was born and the location of his studio to some of the places where inspiration invited him to create several of his compositions.
- Old City
- Mantas Street, 8
- Church of Santa Catalina
Address: Santa Catalina Square, 3
Phone: 963 91 77 13
- Peace Street
- Barcelona street, 6
- Don Juan of Austria, 20
- Calle del Pintor Sorolla, 8
- Valencia School of Artisans
Address: Kingdom of Valencia Avenue, 40
Phone: 963 74 65 92
- Carmen Center
Address: Museum Street, 2
Schedule: Tuesday to Sunday 11 a 21 h
Phone: 963 15 20 24
- Town Hall Square
- Steps of the Lonja
Address: Carrer de la Llotja, 2, 46001 Valencia, Valencia
Schedule: Tuesday to Sunday 10 a 14 h, Friday and Saturday of 15 a 19 h
Phone: 962 08 41 53
- Church of San Martín
Address: C. of St. Vincent the Martyr, 11, 46002 Valencia, Valencia
Phone: 963 52 29 52
- Birthplace of San Vicente Ferrer
Address: Carrer del Pouet de Sant Vicent, 1, 46003 Valencia, Valencia
Schedule: Monday to Sunday 9 a 13.30 h, Monday to Saturday 17 a 20 h
- Benlliure House Museum
Address: Carrer de la Blanqueria, 23, 46003 Valencia, Valencia
Schedule: Tuesday to Sunday 10 a 14 h, Tuesday to Saturday 15 a 19 h
Phone: 963 91 91 03
- Valencia Cathedral
Address: Plaça de l’Almoina, s/n, 46003 Valencia, Valencia
Phone: 963 91 81 27
- The Round Square
- Exhibition Palace
Address: Galicia Street, 3, 46010 Valencia, Valencia
- Sea bridge
Birthplace of Joaquín Sorolla
Walking through the streets of Old City (1) there is an air of traditionality and historicity. Each corner owes its existence to the practice of trades that in the foral era were essential for the economic development of Valencia. A) Yes, the name of certain streets derives from those artisans who carried out their commercial activities in them. It is the case of the Mantas street (2), that welcomed the profession of those who made a living from the sale of cloths and fabrics.
As well, at the height of the number 8 a ceramic panel marks the place where a 27 February 1863 Joaquín Sorolla was born. In her, we can see a drawing of one of the painter's self-portraits and a beach scene. Although he only lived there a year, It is said that he had great affection for the place where his parents' knitting shop had been. Her great-granddaughter says that in one of her innumerable walks to the place she took a slab from the ground and proclaimed: "On this slab I came into the world". Currently, dicha losa está expuesta en una vitrina del Museo Sorolla.
Church of Santa Catalina
Let's walk next to the Church of Santa Catalina (3), a Gothic-style temple that was affected by a fire in the mid-16th century and had to be partially rebuilt. The church is located in Plaza Lope de Vega, enclosed in the tortuous framework of medieval Valencia, in the “Barrio del Mercado”, and the illustrious painter Joaquín Sorolla was baptized in it. The building stands out for its emblematic Baroque tower, corriente que impregnó al edificio a finales del siglo XVIII siguiendo la moda imperante.
Residence of the Sorolla Bastida family
The Peace street (4) in Valencia it has one of the main urban arteries and commercial roads of the city. We will leave behind the beautiful perspective of the Santa Catalina tower, and we will go down the Calle de las Comedias y de las Universidades until we reach the Barcelona street (5).
There the Sorolla family moved in 1864, shortly after Concha was born, the only sister of the painter. In the number 6 from that street the children's father died, victim, like his wife, of the cholera epidemic that devastated Valencia in 1865.
Foster home of Joaquín and Concha Sorolla Bastida
Just a few meters to the south, descending the street of the Nuns of Sta. Catalina, in Don Juan of Austria, 20 (6), the marriage formed by Isabel Bastida and José Piqueras gave shelter to the orphans. They were about his uncles. In vain, José tried to teach Joaquín the trade of locksmith, ya que pronto advirtió que la auténtica vocación del muchacho era la pintura.
Former site of the Valencia School of Artisans
On the street since 1900 honor the name of the painter Joaquín Sorolla (7) the Valencia School of Craftsmen was located, place where the still young artist went to give his first classes between 1876 Y 1878. You hardly have to walk to get to this point of the city that today brings together numerous offices of financial institutions, pero que en aquella época existió con el objetivo de fomentar gratuitamente la enseñanza práctica de las Artes y Oficios.
Valencia School of Artisans
At the juncture between the Ruzafa and Gran Vía neighborhoods is the Kingdom of Valencia avenue, whose number 40 houses the current School of Craftsmen (8). She preserves in her artistic collection an oil painting by Joaquín Sorolla donated by her son, así como algunos dibujos del período en el que éste asistió al centro.
In the northern area of Ciutat Vella is located the Carmen Center for Contemporary Culture (CCCC) (9), an old convent rehabilitated for cultural use. It was born with the aim of welcoming a wide spectrum of current art without forgetting other branches of thought such as sociology, the economy, law or medicine. This monumental complex illustrates important stages in the history of architecture in the city. Since 1838 hosts the headquarters of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Valencia, place where Sorolla was formed between 1878 Y 1881 y que reserva una de sus salas a su vida y obra.
Photographic studio and address of the García Castillo family
In the number 10 from then Plaza de San Francisco (10) Sorolla could count on an improvised painting studio. Currently it is the Plaza del Ayuntamiento de Valencia, one of the most important and central. En el amplio espacio llano se celebran las tradicionales mascletás cada año durante la festividad de las Fallas.
Steps of the Lonja. Stage of the play "El grito del palleter"
Sorolla set the scene known as “El grito del palleter” on the steps of the Silk market (11). This building is a Valencian civil Gothic masterpiece that was an emblem of wealth and the commercial revolution that emerged in the city during the 15th century. Merece mucho la pena pasear por su salón columnario admirando la arquitectura de uno de los edificios más famosos de Valencia.
Church of San Martín (12)
In 1888 Sorolla contrajo matrimonio con Clotilde García del Castillo en esta iglesia que mezcla los estilos gótico valenciano y barroco.
Birthplace of San Vicente Ferrer (13). Stage of the work "Exvoto"
In 1892 Sorolla used this setting to create his work "Exvoto". In it we see a woman holding a baby in the air with the pouet de Sant Vicent in the background, un lugar al que la gente acudía para conseguir la protección de sus hijos en una época de alta mortalidad infantil.
Benlliure House Museum (14)
This place is dedicated to a family of Valencian painters and sculptors closely linked to Joaquín Sorolla, the Benlliure. Aquí se exhibe una importante colección artística y se reconstruyen todos los detalles del hogar burgués de la época.
Valencia City Council
The artistic collection of Valencia City Council (15) includes fundamental works such as "My family" (1901). Building, known as Casa Consistorial, integrates two constructions from well differentiated eras: on the one hand, the House of Teaching, built during the 18th century, and on the other, the body of the building, that belongs to the 20th century. Sorolla fue reconocido por el gobierno de la ciudad como hijo meritísimo con motivo de sus éxitos en la Exposición Nacional y en la Universal de París.
The Valencia Cathedral (16) was the reason for some early works of the Valencian painter. It was also a highlight of his nostalgic walks around the city when he visited., tras haberse afincado en Madrid definitivamente.
The Round Square
The surroundings of the Silk Exchange, the old market, the Round Square (17) y la Iglesia de los Santos Juanes conformaban el barrio en el que Sorolla había nacido y crecido.
Sorolla's work was housed in the disappeared Palace of the Arts together with that of Cecilio Plá, Salvador April, José and Mariano Benlliure. Beside this pavilion stands the exhibition palace (18), a Valencian modernist style building that hosted the Valencian Regional Exhibition in 1909 y posteriormente decidió conservarse por su valor arquitectónico.
Casilicio de la Virgen de los Desamparados on the Bridge of the Sea
In 1916 Sorolla traveled to Valencia to paint one of the decoration panels for the Hispanic Society of America in New York. The Casilicio de la Virgen de los Desamparados in the Sea Bridge (19) was one of the elements chosen by Sorolla to represent Valencia. This pedestrian bridge crosses the Turia river bed diagonally, comunicando la plaza de América y el paseo de la Alameda.